Bible Study

Bible Study: “Understanding the books of the Bible”

Lesson # 1

Our Scripture Reading: (Psalm 119:89, Matthew 5:18; 24:35, I Peter 1:25;1:21;2:2, 2 Timothy 3:16, Hebrews 4:12.)

There are 39 books in the Old Testament, generally separated into 4 divisions:

The Pentateuch, traditionally designed as the 5 books of Moses

Historical Books, 12 books from Joshua to Esther

Poetical Books, 5 books from Job to Song of Solomon

Prophetical Books, including the writings of the 5 Major Prophets from Isaiah to Daniel, and the 12 Minor Prophets from Hosea to Malachi.

Main Scripture: Deuteronomy 8:3

This lesson will consist of The Pentateuch, traditionally designed as the 5 books of Moses:”  

Books of the BibleGenesis:” The book of origins/beginning”

Author: (Moses) common accepted

Time:  Genesis begins with the creation story and ends with the death of Joseph, which probably occurred around the nineteenth century B.C. (1883 BC)

Structure: The literary structure of Genesis is built around eleven distinct units, each signaled by the presence of the word “genealogy.”  The eleven sections include: Introduction to the genealogies (1:1-2:3); (2) Heaven and Earth (2:4-4:26); (3) Adam (5:1-6:8); (4) Noah (6:9-9:29); (5) Sons of Noah (10:1-11:9); (6) Shem (11:10-26); (7) Terah (11:27-25:11); (8) Ishmael (25:12-18); (9) Isaac (25:19-35:29); (10) Esau (36:1-37:1 (11) Jacob (37:2-50:26).

In this book, there were God, Adam, Noah, Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, etc.

Chapters: (50)

Memory verse in the book:  Genesis 3:15 “First messianic promise”

Abbreviation of the book: (Gen.)

Life Principles in the book: (Our Intimacy with God-His highest priority for our lives determines the impact of our lives, (Genesis 1:26).

Key Thought: God is the origin of all things-the universe, the earth, life, humanity, the Jewish people, and the plan of redemption.

Key Verse:Genesis 50:20-21 King James Version

20 But as for you, ye thought evil against me; but God meant it unto good, to bring to pass, as it is this day, to save much people alive. 21 Now therefore fear ye not: I will nourish you, and your little ones. And he comforted them, and spake kindly unto them.

Key Action: Remember that no matter what life brings or how evil intrudes, our Creator has a plan, His sovereignty can not be thwarted, and His plans is right on schedule.

Key Prayer: Lord, help me to remember that You are in control of my life, from beginning to the end, AMEN.

Book of the Bible:   Exodus: “Exit, Departure, or Going Out”

Author: (Moses) common accepted

Time: The book of Exodus covers a period from the birth of Moses (1525 B.C.) to the construction of the tabernacle (1446 B.C.) More scholars date the exodus from Egypt (1447 B.C.).

Structure: The book of Exodus begins with an account of Egyptian oppression (1:7-22), then moves to the early years of Moses’ life (2:1-21), followed by Moses’ calling and his demand to Pharaoh to release his people from captivity (3:1-12:30), then describes the exodus from Egypt and Israelites’ journey to Mount Sinai (12:3-18:27). The remainder of the book covers the giving of the Law and the establishment of Hebrew culture.

In this book, there were Leaders and Prophets!

Chapters: (40)

Memory verse in the book: Exodus 12:13 “Life Insurance”
Abbreviation of the book:

Life Principles in the book: Obey God and leave all the consequences to Him, (Exodus 19:5).

Key Thought: God provides the redemption, provision, and guidance of His people need.

Key Verse: Exodus 14:13 King James Version

13 And Moses said unto the people, Fear ye not, stand still, and see the salvation of the Lord, which he will shew to you today: for the Egyptians whom ye have seen today, ye shall see them again no more forever.

Key Action: We must be still in God’s presence, then go forward in God’s power (see Exodus 14:13,15).

Key Prayer: Lord, help me to stand firm and see Your deliverance, for I know You will fight for me; I only need to be still. AMEN.

Book of the Bible:  Leviticus: “The book of Law”

Author: (Moses) common accepted

Time: God delivered the Book of Leviticus to Moses on Mount Sinai shortly after the exodus from Egypt, (1447 B.C.)

Structure: Leviticus opens with the laws surrounding sacrifices and offerings (1-7), followed but the lawful duties and requirements of the priests (8-10), then by laws regarding personal and national cleanliness and holiness (11-22), followed by laws regarding feasts (23). The laws of the final four chapters of Leviticus include God’s promises for keeping the Law and His warnings for violating it.  The name derived from the tribe of Levi.

In this book, there were Leaders and Prophets!

Chapters: (27).

Memory verse in the book: Leviticus 24:10 “The year of Jubilee”

Abbreviation of the book: (Lev.)

Life Principles in the book: Peace with God is the fruit of oneness with God (Lev. 26:12)

Key Thought: God expect His people to reflect His holiness not just in rituals, but in reality.

Key Verse: Leviticus 11:44 King James Version

44 For I am the Lord your God: ye shall therefore sanctify yourselves, and ye shall be holy; for I am holy: neither shall ye defile yourselves with any manner of creeping thing that creepeth upon the earth.

Key Action: Whenever sin occurs in life, we should confess it promptly, consecrate ourselves anew, and remain committed to personal holiness.

Key Prayer: Dear Father may I be a reflection of Your holiness, not just in thought, but in deeds. AMEN.

Book of the Bible:  Numbers: “Book of Numbers”

Author: (Moses) common accepted

Time: The events recorded in the book of Numbers began about one year after the exodus from Egypt (1446 B.C.)

Structure: The first ten chapters of Numbers contain legal instructions and record a census (or “numbering”) of the people of Israel.  The remainder of the book records the Israelites’ wandering in the wilderness, as well as their complaints and rebellion against God and their leader Moses.

In this book, there were Leaders and Prophets!

Chapters (36)

Memory verse in the book: “The pilgrims guide” (Numbers 9:17)

Abbreviation of the book: (Num.)

Life Principles in the book:  God’s Word is an immovable anchor in times of storm (Numbers 23:19)

Key Thought: The is nothing worse than taking a wrong turn into the land of unbelief, for God wants to lead us forward by faith.

Key Verse: Numbers 6:24-26 King James Version

“24 The Lord bless thee, and keep thee: 25 The Lord make his face shine upon thee, and be gracious unto thee: 26 The Lord lift up his countenance upon thee, and give thee peace.”

Key Action: Trust God’s Word even when challenges loom, for His promises are as secure as His power.

Key Prayer: O Lord, keep me from fearing the way ahead and rebelling against You in unbelief.


Book of the Bible:  Deuteronomy: “Book of Remembrance”

Author: (Moses) common accepted

Time: Delivered shortly before Moses’ death, sometime around (1407 B.C.)

Structure: Deuteronomy breaks down into four sections, starting with Moses’ review of the Israelite’ history (1:1-4:43); moving through a review of the Law (4:44-26:19) and the covenant (27:1-30:20); and ending with Moses’ final words for the Israelites as he prepares to leave them (31-34).

In this book, there were a Leader!

Chapters: (34)

Memory verse in the book: Deuteronomy 29:29 “The secret things”

Abbreviation of the book: (Deut.)

Life Principles in the book: The awareness of God’s presence energizes us for our work (Deuteronomy 20:1).

Key Thought: Every new generation need to learn the lessons of the Lord and develop a heritage of faith and obedience.

Key Verse: Deuteronomy 6:4-5 King James Version

“4 Hear, O Israel: The Lord our God is one Lord: And thou shalt love the Lord thy God with all thine heart, and with all thy soul, and with all thy might.”

Key Action: Share the truth of God with your children, with your grandchildren, and with the generation to come (see Deuteronomy 6:7).

Key Prayer: Lord You are my eternal God and my refuge, and underneath me are the everlasting arms, AMEN.


1). Read main scripture for lesson one.

2). Name the books in lesson one.

3). How many chapters are in each book?

4). Name the author of each book in lesson one.

5). Give the abbreviation of each book?

6). In these books was there a leader, a judge, a prophet, or a king?

7). Name and add each book as we go through our study.

8). Name the division where these books can be found in this lesson.

9).  Who was the main person in each book?

10). What year was each book written?

11). What is the memory verse in each book?

12). What is the key verse in each book?

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