12 November, 2021

Bible Study: Understanding the books of the Bible

Lesson # 5

Scripture Reading: (Psalm 119:89, Matthew 5:18; 24:35, I Peter 1:25;1:21;2:2, 2 Timothy 3:16, Hebrews 4:12.)

There are 39 books in the Old Testament, generally separated into 4 divisions:

The Pentateuch, traditionally designed as the 5 books of Moses

Historical Books, 12 books from Joshua to Esther

Poetical Books, 5 books from Job to Song of Solomon

Prophetical Books, including the writings of the 5 Major Prophets from Isaiah to Daniel, and the 12 Minor Prophets from Hosea to Malachi.

This lesson will consist of Prophetical Books, including the writings of the 5 Major Prophets fromIsaiah to Daniel

Main Scripture: Isaiah 40:8

Book of the Bible: Isaiah “The Holy One of Israel”

Author: Isaiah the son of Amos some scholars believe that a second prophet was responsible for (Chapters 40-66). Others divide the authorship even further, postulating division between (Chapters 40-55). Isaiah written during the exile, and (56-660 post-exile composition). However, the discovery of the Dead Sea scroll appears to confirm that there was only one author.

Time: Isaiah prophesied from the time of Uzziah (740 BC) to the time of Hezekiah (681 BC).

Structure: (Chapters 1-39) cover events and prophecies in Isaiah’s history leadership leading up to the Babylonian captivity (Chapters 40-66) contain warning, predictions, and prophecies concerning Judah from the time of the Babylonian captivity through the arrival of the Messiah, Jesus Christ, and on into the distant future.

In this book, there were prophets and kings.

Chapters: (66)

Memory verse in the book: “The most wonderful child” (Isaiah 9:6).

Abbreviation of the book: (Is.)

Life Principles in the book: “God acts on the behalf of those who wait for Him.” (Isaiah 64:4).

Key Thought: God is both our Majestic Lord our, and our suffering Servant, and by waiting on Him we can renew our strength (See Isaiah 6:1; 53:3; 40:31).

Key Verse: For as the heavens are higher than the earth so are my ways higher than your ways and my thoughts than your thoughts (Isaiah 55:9).

Key Action: We need a revelation of God’s glory that makes us cry “Here I am send me” Lord. (See Isaiah 6:8)

Key Prayer: Lord, may I be in perfect peace because my mind is stayed on You, in Jesus’ name, AMEN.

Book of the Bible: Jeremiah “There is a Balm in Gilead”

Author: Jeremiah the son of Hilkiah.

Time: The book of Jeremiah covers a dark period in the history of Judah beginning with the 13th year of the reign of Josiah (Circa 627 BC) Judah last good and godly king for whom Jeremiah issued a deeply emotional lament in 2 Chronicles (Chapter 35:25) until several years after the Babylonian captivity (Circa 586 BC).

Structure: Jeremiah’s broken heart causes him to write a book that is difficult to arrange either chronologically or topically. In its current form the book begins with a description of the prophet’s divine call (1); then recall several warnings and exhortation to the rebellious nation (Chapter 2-35) describes the hardship of the persecuted prophets (Chapter 36-38); chronicles the destruction of Jerusalem and the nation’s subsequent ruin (Chapter 39-45) declares judgment against many surrounding nations (Chapter 46- 51); and ends with a historical post-strip (52).

In this book, there were prophets and kings.

Chapters: (52)

Memory verse in the book: “The greatest discovery” (Jeremiah 29:13)

Abbreviation of the book: (Je.)

Life Principles in the book: “Brokenness is God requirement for maximum usefulness, (Jeremiah 15:19).

Key Thought: God expect us to persevere in his works even when our heart is broken, our message is rejected, and our label appear vain.

Key Verse: “Call to me and I will answer you and show you great and mighty things, which you do not know.” (Jeremiah 33: 3).

Key Action: We must go to all to whom He sends us and speak whatever He tells us; (See Jeremiah 1:7).

Key Prayer: Almighty God, my Lord, remind me that you are the Potter and I am the clay. AMEN.

Book of the Bible: Lamentations “Adversity is the Inevitable Consequence”

Author: Jeremiah the prophet

Time: Lamentation is set after the fall of Jerusalem during the time of the Babylonian exile. (586 BC).

Structure: Jeremiah writes his lament in acrostic all alphabetical fashion. Beginning each section with the first Hebrew letters, Aleph, he progresses through the entire Hebrew alphabet four times in the first four chapters (verse by verse in chapters 1, 2 and 4 and every three verses in chapter 3), weeping literally from A-Z.

In this book, there were prophets and kings.

Chapters: (5)

Memory verse in the book: “God’s unfailing Mercy” (Lamentations 3:22)

Abbreviation of the book: (Lam.)

Life Principles in the book: God acts on behalf of those who wait for Him. (See Lamentations 3:25).

Key Thought: Sinfulness brings inevitable sorrow and judgment, but even in lamentable times God is faithful and his compassion never fail.

Key Verse: Through the Lord’s mercy we are not consumed, because his compassions fail not, they are new every morning; great is your faithfulness. (Lamentations 3:22-23).

Key Action: Just like Jeremiah in distress, we must lift our thoughts from the ashes and throw open the windows of our minds, recalling the wonders of the God in whom we hope.

Key Prayer: God give me the patient so I can faithfully and joyfully wait upon You, Amen.

Book of the Bible: Ezekiel “God strengthens”

Author: Ezekiel the prophet

Time: Ezekiel’s prophecies are set during the latter part of Judah’s decline and during the Babylonian exile (Circa 592-570 BC).

Structure: The first part of the book (1-24) details God’s judgment against his wayward people. The second part (25-32) speaks of God’s judgment against the nations. The third part (33-48) predicts God’s renewed blessing on his repentant people.

In this book, there were prophets and kings.

Chapters: (48)

Memory verse in the book: “The sentimental hearers” (Ezekiel 33:32).

Abbreviation of the book: (Ez.)

Life Principles in the book: “Whatever you acquire outside of God’s will eventually turns to askes. (Ezekiel 25:6-7).

Key Thought: God has a vision for our future, even when it appears we’ve been exiled in a land of failure.

Key Verse: “I will put my spirit within you and cause you to walk in my statutes and you will keep my judgment and do them.” (Ezekiel 36:27).

Key Action: We must speak God’s word to our generation whether they hear or whether they refused (See Ezekiel 2:7).

Key Prayer: Lord allow me to stand in the gap, let me be the answer to a need in this world, AMEN.

Book of the Bible: Daniel “He is absolutely Sovereign”

Author: Prophet Daniel

Time: During and shortly after the 70 years Babylonian captivity of Judah (Circa 605-530 BC)

Structure: The first six chapters of Daniel covers the personal biographies of several key people, plus some local history. The final six chapters cover visions and prophecies concerning God’s sovereign hand in the affairs of men.

In this book, there were prophets, and kings.

Chapters: (12)

Memory verse in the book: “The unchangeable habit of prayer” (Daniel 6:10).

Abbreviation of the book: (Da.)

Life principle in the book: “We stand tallest and strongest on our knees.” (Daniel 6:10-11)

Key Thought: The “Most High God” is sovereign over the kingdom of man and over the tides of human history.

Key Verse: “Those who are wise shall shine like the brightness of the firmament, and those who turn many to righteousness like the stars forever and ever. (See Daniels 12:3).

Key Action: We must serve God faithfully, resolved to remain undefiled in a godless society. living prophetically for the future.

Key Prayer: Lord may I face future times with confidence always remembering the maxim: heaven rules, Amen.


1). Read main scripture for lesson five.

2). Name the books in lesson five.

3). How many chapters are in each book?

4). Name the author of each book in lesson five.

5). Give the abbreviation of each book?

6). In these books was there a leader, a judge, a prophet, or a king?

7). Name and add each book as we go through our study.

8). Name the division where these books can be found in this lesson.

9). Who was the main person in each book?

10). What year was each book written?

11). What is the memory verse in each book?

12). What is the key verse in each book?

4 responses to “12 November, 2021”

    • I am so sorry about your Church, and pray all is well today about that. I love your kitchen recipes, and congradulation on your marriage on Tuesday, this is late, but still working on understanding everything, thanks, Merry Christmas Diane. God bless you and family


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