21 November, 2021

Bible Study: Understanding the books of the Bible

Lesson # 6

Scripture Reading: (Psalm 119:89, Matthew 5:18; 24:35, I Peter 1:25;1:21;2:2, 2 Timothy 3:16, Hebrews 4:12.)

There are 39 books in the Old Testament, generally separated into 4 divisions:

The Pentateuch, traditionally designed as the 5 books of Moses

Historical Books, 12 books from Joshua to Esther

Poetical Books, 5 books from Job to Song of Solomon

Prophetical Books, including the writings of the 5 Major Prophets from Isaiah to Daniel, and the 12 Minor Prophets from Hosea to Malachi.

This lesson will consist of the 12 Minor Prophets from Hosea to Malachi: Part II

Main Scripture: Micah 6:8

Book of the Bible: Hosea “The love for God’s covenant people”

Author: Hosea

Time: During the latter years of the northern Kingdom of Israel and beyond. (Circa 755-715 BC).

Structure: The first section of Hosea (Chapter 1-3) records the apostasy of the northern Kingdom of Israel, symbolized in the prophet’s marriage to the prostitute Gomer. The second section (Chapter 4-13) chronicles Israel’s sins and the prophetic consequences of those sins. The briefest section (14) outlines God’s promised blessing for repentance.

In this book, there were

Chapters: (14)

Memory verse in the book: “The road to divine blessings” (Hosea 6:3).

Abbreviation of the book: (Ho.)

Life Principles in the book: “As children of a sovereign God, we are never victims of our circumstances. (Hosea 3:4-5).

Key Thought: Spiritual adultery occurs when we drift from God from our allegiance to God allow other preoccupation to replace Him as the focus of our affection.

Key Verse: “I will betroth you to Me forever; yes, I will betroth you to Me in righteousness and justice, in lovingkindness and mercy: I will betroth you to Me in faithfulness and you shall know the LORD.” (Hosea 2: 19-20).

Key Action: It’s time to seek the Lord until he comes and shows His righteousness on us (see Hosea 10:12).

Key Prayer: Lord, I want to press on to know You better seeking Your present and Your great blessing forever, Amen.

Book of the Bible: Joel “Repentance and obedience must precede revival and God’s blessings.”

Author: Joel the prophet

Time: Perhaps during the reign of King Joash of Judah (835-796 BC) although some say later.

Structure: Chapter (1) of Joel focuses on what is either a literal or figurative plague of locusts on the land of Judah. Chapter (2) deals with “the day of the Lord,” a time of severe judgment and God’s call to repentance and prayer. Chapter (3) covers the judgment of the Gentile nation and God’s blessing on Zion.

In this book, there were

Chapters: (3)

Memory verse in the book: “The outpouring of the Spirit” (Joel 2:28)

Abbreviation of the book: (Jl.)

Life Principles in the book: “God assumes full responsibility for our needs when we obey Him. (Joel 2:11).

Key Thought: The locust plague of Joel day was a divine judgment, foreshadowing the day of the Lord which will bring destruction to the ungodly but blessings to God’s people.

Key Verse: “Rend your heart and not your garments; return to the LORD your God, for He is gracious and merciful, slow to anger and of great kindness; and he relent from doing harm.” (Joel 2:13).

Key Action: Turn back to God from any and every sin, for he abundantly pardons and wonderfully restores.

Key Prayer: God, I rejoice in You for You are faithful, in Jesus’ name I pray, Amen

Book of the Bible: Amos “Burden-Bearer”

Author: Amos

Time: Amos prophesize at the time when Uzziah sat on the throne of Judah year (792-740 BC) and Jeroboam II was king of Israel year (793 -753 BC).

Structure: In the first (2) chapters the prophet pronounced judgment against neighboring nations. The final (7) chapters of Amos speak of judgment against the Kingdom of Israel because of its oppression, social injustice, and hypocrisy. Five of Amos visions (Chapter 7-9) told the people that they still had time to turn back to God; however, in the final (2) visions judgment became inevitable. Only the closing verse of (Chapter 9) expressed hope beyond God’s judgment.

In this book, there were

Chapters: (9)

Memory verse in the book: “The spiritual famine” (Amos 8:11)

Abbreviation of the book: (Am.)

Life Principles in the book: “Anything you hold too tightly, you will lose. (Amos 6:6-7).

Key Thought: God hates oppression. His justice will roll down like a river, and His righteousness like a mighty stream (See Amos 5:24).

Key Verse: “The days are coming said the Lord when I will bring back the captivity of my people Israel. I will plant them in their land, and no longer shall they be plucked up from the land I have given them says the Lord your God.” (Amos 9:13-15).

Key Action: Our religious practices are worthless unless we treat others with integrity and compassion.

Key Prayer: Lord, may I love others in the same spirit in which You love them, unconditionally and full of grace in Jesus’ name. Amen.

Book of the Bible: Obadiah “Worshipper of Yahweh”

Author: Obadiah

Time: pause possibly the year (840 BC) during the invasion of a fat Palestinian and Arab coalition or in (386 BC) spun out 86 BC during the Babylonian conquest of Jerusalem

Structure: verse one through 16 or Obadiah for tells the destruction of Eden while verse 17 through 21 speaks of the deliverance of Zion

In this book, there were

Chapters: (1)

Memory verse in the book: “The humbling of the proud” (Obadiah 1:4).

Abbreviation of the book: (Obad.)

Life Principles in the book: “You reap what you sow” (1:17).

Key Thought: those who are cruel like the prime leaders of edam will be judged but the nation of Israel will eventually be rooted in restored and clients

Key Verse: “The day of the Lord upon all the nation is near but on Mount. Zion there shall be deliverance and there shall be holiness.” (Obadiah 1:15-17).

Key Action: When you feel mistreated by others. Leave it with the Lord who sees everything and rest your case with Him who deals justly with his people.

Key Prayer: Heavenly Father give me a love for others that rejoices when they succeed and not when they fail in Jesus’ name. Amen.

Book of the Bible: Jonah “You can’t hide from God”

Author: Jonah the prophet

Time: Jonah lived during the reign of King Jeroboam II in the (Circa 760 BC).

Structure: Chapter (1) of Jonah records the prophets called and disobedience. Chapter (2) described his distress in the belly of the fish. Chapter (3) record three recounts the prophet’s declaration of judgment to the people of Nineveh. Chapter (4) records Jonah’s displeasure at God’s withholding of judgment after the Ninevites repent.

In this book, there were

Chapters: (4).

Memory verse in the book: “An expensive journey” (Jonah 1:3).

Abbreviation of the book: (Jona.)

Life Principles in the book: “Listening to God is essential to walking with God. (Jonah 1:1-3).

Key Thought: We must never run away from God’s devotion to evangelism, His compassion for souls, or His direction in taking the gospel to the nation.

Key Verse: “Jonah 2:2 King James Version

2 And said, I cried by reason of mine affliction unto the Lord, and he heard me; out of the belly of hell cried I, and thou heardest my voice.”

Key Action: Go wherever the Lord sends you without hesitation or vacillation.

Key Prayer: Lord, when my soul faints I will remember You and Your perfect will for my life and bless me to do Your will in Jesus’ name I pray Amen.

Book of the Bible: Micah “Who is like Yahweh”

Author: Micah, a native of Moresheth in southern Judah.

Time: Micah prophesied during the reign of Jotham, Ahaz, and Hezekiah in (Circa 750-686 BC), and was a contemporary of the prophet Isaiah and Hosea.

Structure: The first portion of Micah’ book generally exposed the sins of his countrymen; then he focuses on the punishment God is about to send; and the final portion holds out the hope of restoration once that discipline has ended.

In this book, there were

Chapters: (7)

Memory verse in the book: “Practical Religion” (Micah 6:8)

Abbreviation of the book: (Mi.)

Life Principles in the book: “To live the Christian life is to allow Jesus to life His life through us.” (Micah 4:2; 6:8).

Key Thought: Sin devastates, but we have the promise of a ruler to be born in Bethlehem whose going forth are from old even from everlasting.

Key Verse: “Micah 6:8 King James Version

8 He hath shewed thee, O man, what is good; and what doth the Lord require of thee, but to do justly, and to love mercy, and to walk humbly with thy God?

Key Action: We need to live justly, loving mercy, and walk unbelievable with God.

Key Prayer: Dear Lord teach me Your ways that I may walk in Your path, let my thoughts be your thoughts, let my ways be your ways in Jesus’ name I pray Amen.


1). Read main scripture for lesson six.

2). Name the books in lesson six.

3). How many chapters are in each book?

4). Name the author of each book in lesson six.

5). Give the abbreviation of each book?

6). In these books was there a leader, a judge, a prophet, or a king?

7). Name and add each book as we go through our study.

8). Name the division where these books can be found in this lesson.

9). Who was the main person in each book?

10). What year was each book written?

11). What is the memory verse in each book?

12). What is the key verse in each book?

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