28 November, 2021

Bible Study: Understanding the books of the Bible

Lesson # 7

Scripture Reading: (Psalm 119:89, Matthew 5:18; 24:35, I Peter 1:25;1:21;2:2, 2 Timothy 3:16, Hebrews 4:12.)

There are 39 books in the Old Testament, generally separated into 4 divisions:

The Pentateuch, traditionally designed as the 5 books of Moses

Historical Books, 12 books from Joshua to Esther

Poetical Books, 5 books from Job to Song of Solomon

Prophetical Books, including the writings of the 5 Major Prophets from Isaiah to Daniel, and the 12 Minor Prophets from Hosea to Malachi.

This lesson will consist of continuation of the 12 Minor Prophets from Hosea to Malachi: Part II

Main Scripture: Zechariah 4:6

Book of the Bible: Nahum “Comfort” and “Consolation”

Author: Nahum

Time: Written sometime between (663 and 612 BC) before the fall of Nineveh (612 BC).

Structure: The book of new Nahum can be divided simply into three parts in chapter (1) Nahum describes the Lord as Nineveh’s judge. In chapter (2) he proclaims Nineveh’s judgment. In chapter (3) he prophesies Nineveh’s complete run.

In this book, there were

Chapters: (3)

Memory verse in the book: “Nothing new under the sun” (Nahum 2:4).

Abbreviation of the book: (Na.)

Life Principles in the book: Obedient always brings blessings (Nahum 2:4).

Key Thought: Though nations mock, strut, intimidate, and terrorize the innocent, one day the world will reap what it sows; but God’s people have good news to take to the world.

Key Verse:Nahum 1:15 King James Version

15 Behold upon the mountains the feet of him that bringeth good tidings, that publisheth peace! O Judah, keep thy solemn feasts, perform thy vows: for the wicked shall no more pass through thee; he is utterly cut off.” “Nahum 1:15

Key Action: Though skies are often dark, we must realize God is not absent from the storm; and He never lose sight of his children.

Key Prayer: Thank You, God! You are good, a refuge in time of trouble, thank You for being here for us doing this pandemic, in Jesus’ name Amen.

Book of the Bible: Habakkuk “One who embrace or clings”

Author: Habakkuk

Time: Uncertain many scholars place his ministry at the end of King Josiah’s reign (614-609 BC), but some believe he prophesized during the reign of Jehoiakim (609-598 BC).

Structure: The first (2) chapters of Habakkuk feature a conversation between God and the prophet concerning evil and judgment. The (3) and final chapters is a Psalm of prayer and praise for the sovereignty and providence of God.

In this book, there were

Chapters: (3)

Memory verse in the book: “World-wide Missions” (Habakkuk 2:4)

Abbreviation of the book: (Hab.)

Life Principles in the book: Disappointments are inevitable, discouragement is a choice. (Habakkuk 3:17-19).

Key Thought: When we don’t like the way our is shaping up, we’re in the best possible place to learn how the righteous live by faith.

Key Verse:“17 Although the fig tree shall not blossom, neither shall fruit be in the vines; the labour of the olive shall fail, and the fields shall yield no meat; the flock shall be cut off from the fold, and there shall be no herd in the stalls:

18 Yet I will rejoice in the Lord, I will joy in the God of my salvation. (Habakkuk 3:17-18).

Key Action: We must live by faith not by sight trusting God fully even when everything seems to fail around us. Amen

Key Prayer: My Lord and my God, please do something in my life that is unbelievable and beyond my capability, that You may get all the glory and all the praise, Amen.

Book of the Bible: Zephaniah “Kindness and Severity”

Author: The prophet Zephaniah the son of Berekiah.

Time: Zephaniah began his ministry as a prophet in the early days of the reign of King Josiah, (640-609 BC).

Structure: The first (2) chapters of Zephaniah paints a grim picture of God’s judgment on the nation of the world and on Judah herself, but the final chapter focused on the need for salvation and God’s promise of restoration and salvation for his people.

In this book, there were

Chapters: (3)

Memory verse in the book: “Seeking the Lord” (Zephaniah 2:3).

Abbreviation of the book: (Zep.)

Life Principles in the book: Adversity is a bridge to a deeper relationship with God (See Zephaniah 2:3).

Key Thought: The Day of the Lord will come with a whirlwind of inevitable destruction on the complacent and ungodly but will also bring the fulfillment of the ages to God’s people.

Key Verse: Zephaniah 3:17 King James Version

The Lord thy God in the midst of thee is mighty; he will save, he will rejoice over thee with joy; he will rest in his love, he will joy over thee with singing.”

Key Action: Rejoice in the love of a God who rejoices over you in a song.

Key Prayer: Lord help me to be meek and humble and to trust You in Jesus name I pray, I honor you and I love you Lord, Amen.

Book of the Bible: Haggai “The prophet of the Temple”

Author: Haggai

Time: Haggai ministry occurs in (520 BC) 18 years after Cyrus’s proclamation allowing the people to return to Jerusalem (538 BC), and 16 years after the rebuilding project had originally commenced (Circa 536 BC).

Structure: The book is built around four sermons. In the first message, Haggai called the people to rebuild the temple, and they responded. (Chapter 1:1-15), and the second Haggai predicted that the rebuilt temple would be filled with God’s glory (Chapter 2:1-9), In the third, the prophet decried the people’s sin and declared how God would bless obedience (Chapter 2:10-19) ; In the fourth Haggai encouraged Zerubbabel with prophecies of blessing for his obedience. (Chapter 2:20-23).

In this book, there were

Chapters: (2)

Memory verse in the book: “A ringing call to duty” (Haggai 2:4)

Abbreviation of the book: (Hag.)

Life Principles in the book: “God acts on behalf of those who wait on Him” (Haggai 2:19).

Key Thought: The priority of finishing God’s work should come before the priority of our own comfort and convenience.

Key Verse: Haggai 1:3-5 King James Version

Then came the word of the Lord by Haggai the prophet, saying,

4 Is it time for you, O ye, to dwell in your paneled houses, and this house lie waste?

5 Now therefore thus saith the Lord of hosts; Consider your ways.”

Key Action: Be strong all you peoples of the land, and work. For God is with you (Haggai 2:4).

Key Prayer: Father, give me strength to finish the work you have put before me fill me with your spirit in your power to complete the work you have called me to do in this time in Jesus name. Amen

Book of the Bible: Zechariah “God equips us to do His will”

Author: Zechariah

Time: Zachariah began his prophetic ministry shortly after Haggai (Circa 520 BC).

Structure: The first (8) chapters of Zachariah focus on the importance of finishing the temple. The final (6) chapters focus on promises regarding the Messianic Kingdom to come.

In this book, there were

Chapters: (14)

Memory verse in the book: “The true meaning of success” (Zechariah 4:6)

Abbreviation of the book: (Zec.)

Life Principles in the book: “Our intimacy with God, His highest priority for our lives determines the impact of our lives. (See Zechariah 7:5)

Key Thought: Rebuilding the pos-exact temple was nothing less than a vital and visual preparatory step for the coming Messiah and the ultimate day of Lord.

Key Verse: Zechariah 4:6-7 King James Version

Then he answered and spake unto me, saying; This is the word of the Lord unto Zerubbabel, saying, Not by might, nor by power, but by my spirit, saith the Lord of hosts.Who art thou, O great mountain? before Zerubbabel thou shalt become a plain: and he shall bring forth the headstone thereof with shoutings, crying, Grace, grace unto it.”

Key Action: Never be discouraged when the work seems small or slow, for God’s Spirit uses little events and unknown peoples in powerful ways.

Key Prayer: Lord, remind me that little is much if You are in the middle of it. Always be in the middle of our lives, Lord, in Jesus’ name. AMEN.

Book of the Bible: Malachi “I was created for such a time as this”

Author: Probably Malachi, although some believe the name Malachi actually functions more as a title (“My messenger”).

Time: Written near the end of the prophetic period in Israel’s history, (Circa 430 BC).

Structure: Malachi has three main parts introductory remarks in which God reaffirms His promise love to Israel (Chapter 1:1-5); Staining rebukes for various kinds of unfaithfulness (Chapter 1:6-2:16); and prophecies of the coming of the Lord (Chapter 2:17-4:6).

In this book, there were

Chapters: (4)

Memory verse in the book: “The tithers promise” (Malachi 3:10)

Abbreviation of the book: (Mal.)

Life Principles in the book: “You can never outgive God” (Malachi 3:8-12).

Key Thought: Spiritual apathy is a dangerous condition one we must guard against with all our hearts.

Key Verse: “Try me now in this says Lord of host if I will not open for you the windows of heaven and pour out for you such blessing that there will not be room enough to receive it.” (Malachi 3:10).

Key Action: We must return with favor to the Lord, in genuine worship to high moral values, and to mortal commitment, and to the practices of tithing and godly fellowship.

Key Prayer: Lord may you find me worthy to receive abundant blessings from your hand. I am so grateful that you are my Lord and my Savior. I give you praise and honor and glory in Jesus’ name Amen.


1). Read main scripture for lesson seven.

2). Name the books in lesson seven.

3). How many chapters are in each book?

4). Name the author of each book in lesson seven.

5). Give the abbreviation of each book?

6). In these books was there a leader, a judge, a prophet, or a king?

7). Name and add each book as we go through our study.

8). Name the division where these books can be found in this lesson.

9). Who was the main person in each book?

10). What year was each book written?

11). What is the memory verse in each book?

12). What is the key verse in each book?

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