5 December, 2021

Bible Study: Understanding the books of the Bible

Lesson # 8

Scripture Reading: (Psalm 119:89, Matthew 5:18; 24:35, I Peter 1:25;1:21;2:2, 2 Timothy 3:16, Hebrews 4:12.)

There are 27 books in the New Testament, generally separated into 5 divisions:

The four Gospels:(Matthew, Mark, Luke, John):

History Book (Act of the Apostles):

Doctrinal Books (Pauline Epistles):

General Epistles (James, I & II Peter, the Epistles of John, Jude):

Prophetical Book (Revelation):

This lesson will consist of the four Gospel and the Acts of the Apostles:

Main Scripture: Matthew 9:9; John 1:1

Book of the Bible: Gospel of Matthew “Fulfillment of Old Testament”

Author: Matthew a Jew who collected taxes for the Romans.

Time: Most authority believe that the Gospel of Mark predates Matthew and that Matthew followed Mark’s account in many of its narratives. If this is so, Matthew could be dated in the A.D. 70s. Others believe Matthew was written earlier in the A.D. 50s or 60s.

Structure: The Gospel of Matthew begins by tracing Jesus family history all the way back to Abraham and recording a few incidents surrounding his birth (Chapter 1-2) and this describes the preparation and beginning of his earthly ministry including His baptism and sentences plot to tempt Him. Matthew also gives us an insightful look into the ministry of John the Baptist (Chapters 3-4). The summon on the mount (Chapter 5-7) is followed by various account of Jesus’ healings and teachings (Chapter 8-9), and His words concerning missions, (Chapter 10). The Gospel then reports Jesus’ travel, in which He performed great miracles and taught the masses (Chapter 11-23). A special section predicting the events leading up to and including the end times (Chapter 24-25) is followed by a final portion that reports Jesus’ arrest, sentence, crucifixion, and resurrection (chapters 26-28).

In this book there were a king. (King Herod)

Chapters: (28)

Memory verse in the book: “The three-fold Promise” (Matthew 7:7)

Abbreviation of the book: (Mt.)

Life Principles in the book: “God bless us so that we might bless others” (Matthew 10:8).

Key Thought: Jesus Christ, Son of David, Son of Abraham, is the Messiah, the King of Israel, the Savior of the world.

Key Verse: Matthew 16:13-16 King James Version

“13 When Jesus came into the coasts of Caesarea Philippi, he asked his disciples, saying, Whom do men say that I the Son of man am?14 And they said, Some say that thou art John the Baptist: some, Elias; and others, Jeremias, or one of the prophets.15 He saith unto them, But whom say ye that I am?16 And Simon Peter answered and said, Thou art the Christ, the Son of the living God.”

Key Action: Make disciples of all the nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father, of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit. (See Matthew 28:19-20).

Key Prayer: Father God, may my life reflect the glory of Your Name, and may I always do Your will just as Jesus Your Son did, in Jesus’ name, AMEN.

Book of the Bible: Gospel of Mark “Jesus Christ, the dedicated Savant, is Savior of the world”

Author: John Mark

Time: Mark is generally considered the earliest of the Gospel. likely composed in the A.D. 50s or early 60s.

Structure: The first part of Mark describes the years leading up to Jesus public ministry focusing on John the Baptist (Chapter 1:1-13). The book then focused on Jesus ministry in Galilee, (Chapter 1:14-6:29), followed by ministry outside of Galilee (Chapter 6:30-9:32), and a final effort by inside Galilee (Chapter 9:33- 50), Mark next describe Jesus work in Judea and Perea (Chapter 10:1-52); the events leading up to his arrest, crucifixion, and burial (Chapter 11:1-15:47); and his resurrection (Chapter 16:1-20).

In this book there were a king. (King Herod)

Chapters: (16)

Memory verse in the book: “The Great Commission” (Mark 16:15).

Abbreviation of the book: (Mk.)

Life Principles in the book: “The awareness of God’s presence energizes us for our work. (See Mark 3:14).

Key Thought: The son of God had supreme power which He used to serve others with urgency and to sacrifice His life for the world.

Key Verse: Mark 10:43,45 King James Version

43 But so shall it not be among you: but whosoever will be great among you, shall be your minister:45 For even the Son of man came not to be ministered unto, but to minister, and to give his life a ransom for many.

Key Action: When we become disciples of Jesus Christ we’re seize with urgency as we serve othersand share his good news with a needy world

Key Prayer: Lord, may I be a servant of all and glorify Your Name and everything that I do according to your will in Jesus’ name I pray Amen

Book of the Bible: Gospel of Luke “Jesus is the Great Physician”

Author: Doctor Luke

Time: most scholars believe Luke wrote his gospel a few years before he wrote the acts of apostle which he lightly pinned in a D63 or 64

Structure: Luke started his Gospel by explaining that he had thoroughly investigated Jesus’ story and had written his account based on his careful investigation. The first (2) chapters of this Gospel contains several incidents unique to Luke that are related to Jesus’ birth and early life.

In this book there were a king. (King Herod)

Chapters: (24)

Memory verse in the book: “The real reason for joy” (Luke 10:20)

Abbreviation of the book: (Lu.)

Life Principles in the book: “Obedience always brings blessings” (Luke 11:28).

Key Thought: Jesus Christ is the savior for the entire world, for everyone, Jews, and Gentiles alike, for all are lost and need to be saved.

Key Verse: Luke 19:10 King James Version

10 For the Son of man is come to seek and to save that which was lost.

Key Action: The followers of Christ must be gripped by the knees of lost people, seek them with the message of life, and rejoice with the angels when they come to Christ.

Key Prayer: Lord, thank you for saving me and redeeming my soul. Thank you for saving my family and redeeming my family’s soul. We do thank you, we do praise you for all that you do and all that you have done and all that you have promised to do in Jesus’ name Amen.

Book of the Bible: Gospel of John “Yahweh has been Gracious”

Author: John the disciple Jesus loved

Time: John was the last of the four Chronicle Gospel to be written. It was likely composed between A.D. 80 and 100. By then the rest of the New Testament other than John writings had been completed. It is wisely believed that John wrote his Gospel in his old age while living in emphasis in Asia minor where he served as the leader of the local church.

Structure: John’s Gospel is not just chronological in structure, but it also has topical elements; the incarnation of the Word and the inauguration of his ministry (Chapter 1:1-2:11), Christ message and work (Chapter 2:13-chapter 12:50), his specific instruction to the disciples during the Passover and prayers for believers (Chapters 13- 17), and his trial, crucifixion, and resurrection (Chapters 18- 21).

In this book there were a king. (King Herod)

Chapters: (21)

Memory verse in the book: “The master-key of Prayer” (John 15:7)

Abbreviation of the book: (Jn.)

Life Principles in the book: “As Christian of a sovereign God, we are never victims of our circumstances, (See John 19:11).

Key Thought: Jesus Christ the son of God is the word- God himself who became flesh, dwelled among us and gave Himself for us that all who believe in him should not perish but have everlasting life.

Key Verse: John 20:31 King James Version

31 But these are written, that ye might believe that Jesus is the Christ, the Son of God; and that believing ye might have life through his name.

Key Action: You must be born again (See John 3:7).

Key Prayer: God thank You for sending Your Son Jesus Christ to die for my sins. I am so grateful for it, bless my family to be grateful for it too, Lord. I love You and I thank You Father God. Thank You for sending Jesus to die for my sins. I love You in Jesus’ name. Amen.

Book of the Bible: The Acts of the Apostles: “You shall be My witnesses”Author: The physician Luke who use the pronoun “we” during the last part of the narrative.

Time: Some scholars believed the book was written in the year of A.D. 63 while others prefer a date of A.D. 70 or later.

Structure: Each section of the book (Chapters 1-7; Chapters 8-12; Chapters 13-28) focus on a particular audience, a key personality, and a significant phase in the spread of the Gospel message. Acts began with the ascension of Christ and move through the coming of the Holy Spirit, and the growth of the church in Jerusalem (Chapter 1-7). Next, the book focus on the expansion of the church to the surrounding areas after an outbreak of persecution (8-12), and then it shifts focus to the three missionary journeys and the imprisonment of Paul that took the Gospel message to Greece and other parts of Europe (Chapters 13-28).

In this book there were a king. (King Herod)

Chapters: (28)

Memory verse in the book: “The watchtower of the spiritual campaign” (Acts 1:8).

Abbreviation of the book: (Acts.)

Life Principles in the book: “To walk in the Spirit is to obey the initial promptings of the Spirit. (Acts 10:19).

Key Thought: Jesus return to heaven at the end of his earthly ministry, leaving His Spirit-filled followers with the glorious task of taking His message to the ends of the earth.

Key Verse: Acts 1:8 King James Version

8 But ye shall receive power, after that the Holy Ghost is come upon you: and ye shall be witnesses unto me both in Jerusalem, and in all Judaea, and in Samaria, and unto the uttermost part of the earth.

Key Action: “We cannot but speak the things which we have seen and heard” (Acts 4: 20).

Key Prayer: Lord, give me the power to reach the World with the Gospel, give me the strength to take day by day as sharing the Gospel with whomever may listen in Jesus’ name I pray, Amen


1). Read main scripture for lesson eight.

2). Name the books in lesson eight.

3). How many chapters are in each book?

4). Name the author of each book in lesson eight.

5). Give the abbreviation of each book?

6). In these books was there a leader, a judge, a prophet, or a king?

7). Name and add each book as we go through our study.

8). Name the division where these books can be found in this lesson.

9). Who was the main person in each book?

10). What year was each book written?

11). What is the memory verse in each book?

12). What is the key verse in each book?

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