12 December, 2021

Bible Study: Understanding the books of the Bible

Lesson # 9

Scripture Reading: (Psalm 119:89, Matthew 5:18; 24:35, I Peter 1:25;1:21;2:2, 2 Timothy 3:16, Hebrews 4:12.).

There are 27 books in the New Testament, generally separated into 5 divisions:

The four Gospels:(Matthew, Mark, Luke, John):

History Book (Act of the Apostles):

Doctrinal Books (Pauline Epistles):

General Epistles (James, I & II Peter, the Epistles of John, Jude):

Prophetical Book (Revelation):

This lesson consists of the Doctrinal Books (Pauline Epistles): (14)

Main Scripture: Romans 3:24; I Corinthians 11:24-26

Book of the Bible: Romans “The just shall live by faith”

Author: The Apostle Paul

Time: Most scholars believe Paul wrote Romans in the (Circa A.D. 57)

Structure:The first section (Chapters 1-8) expresses what has been called the Gospel according to Paul meaning that the only way to fellowship with God is by grace through faith in the risen Jesus Christ. The second section (Chapters 9-11) expounds Paul’s expectation that the Jews who have largely refused this teaching will one day accepted. The final (Chapters 12-16) describes how people saved by grace through faith in Christ should live and behave.

In this book there were a king.

Chapters: (16)

Memory verse in the book: “The plan of Salvation” (Romans 10:9)

Abbreviation of the book: (Ro.)

Life Principles in the book: God’s Word is an immovable anchor in times of storm (See Roman 15:4).

Key Thought: Because we could not become righteous by our own effort God provided justification for us by grace through faith this Christ.

Key Verse: Romans 5:17 King James Version

17 For if by one man’s offence death reigned by one; much more they which receive abundance of grace and of the gift of righteousness shall reign in life by one, Jesus Christ.

Key Action: We must receive the abundance of God’s grace which save us and enable us to reign in life through Christ Jesus.

Key Prayer: Father God, I am thankful that nothing can separate me from your love AMEN.

Book of the Bible: I Corinthians: “God’s forever love”

Author: The Apostle Paul

Time: Paul probably wrote I Corinthians toward the end of his three years stay in Ephesus (A.D. 55-56) I Corinthians 16:5-9; Acts 20:31).

Structure: In the first section (Chapters 1-11), Paul addresses various problem within the Corinthians church, including sectarianism (Chapters 1-4), immorality (Chapter 5), Christians taking one another two secular courts (Chapter 6) marital questions, (Chapter 7), Idolatry (Chapter 8-10), and the improper administration of the Lord’s Supper, (Chapter 11). The second section (Chapter 12-14) offers instruction on the proper use of spiritual gifts. The final section (Chapter 15-16) reviews the doctrine of resurrection and includes Paul’s parting comments.

In this book there were a king. (Nero (reigned A.D. 54-68).

Chapters: (16)

Memory verse in the book: “The only foundation” (I Corinthians chapter 3: 11)

Abbreviation of the book: (I Cor.)

Life Principles in the book: If necessary, God will move heaven and earth to show us his will (See I Corinthians 2:9-12)

Key Thought: Christians are to live more like citizens of heaven than citizens of earth which requires us to exhibit healthy hearts and united churches.

Key Verse:4 And my speech and my preaching was not with enticing words of man’s wisdom, but in demonstration of the Spirit and of power:

5 That your faith should not stand in the wisdom of men, but in the power of God.” (I Corinthians 2:4- 5)

Key Action: Ask the Lord of the church to restore the selfless love that only He can give and grow.

Key Prayer: My God please give me the “agape” love that never fails. I love You Lord Jesus Christ, my Savior. I honor, praise, and glorify Your holy Name. AMEN.

Book of the Bible: II Corinthians: “The Grace of our Lord”

Author: The Apostle Paul

Time: Thought to have been written shortly after his first letter to the Corinthians (Circa A.D. 55-57)

Structure: The letter divides into three sections. In the first Paul explains why he changed the timing of his third visit to Corinth: (Chapters 1-7). In the second, he urges the church to prepare for his arrival. (Chapters 8-9). In the last, he defends his apostolic authority and warns that he will use it to discipline the church, if necessary. (Chapters 10-13).

In this book there were a king. (Nero (reigned A.D. 54-68).

Chapters: (13)

Memory verse in the book: “The illuminated Heart” (II Corinthians 4:6)

Abbreviation of the book: (II Cor.)

Life Principles in the book: “We learn more in our valley experiences then on our mountaintops. (See Corinthians 1:9).

Key Thought: Those who represent Christ must have a clear message and godly motive and methods, so that their integrity will be obvious even amid slanders.

Key Verse: 2 Corinthians 5:20-21 King James Version

“20 Now then we are ambassadors for Christ, as though God did beseech you by us: we pray you in Christ’s stead, be ye reconciled to God.21 For he hath made him to be sin for us, who knew no sin; that we might be made the righteousness of God in him.”

Key Action: Slander in the work of Christ is temporary: service for the cause of Christ is eternal.

Key Prayer: Lord, I am righteous only because of Your righteousness thank You for making me whole, cleansing me through the blood of Your Son Jesus Christ, AMEN.

Book of the Bible: Galatians: “The Theology of Grace”

Author: The Apostle Paul

Time: One theory holds that Paul wrote Galatians in the (Circa A.D. 53-54) to churches in North Central Asia Minor. Another contends that he wrote the book to churches in southern Galatia (Circa A.D. 48-49), which should make this Paul’s first biblical letter.

Structure: After a short introduction Paul denounces any divergence from the Gospel of grace (Chapter 1:1-9), he then defends his apostleship and core doctrines (Chapter 1:10-2:21)). Next, he explained justification by faith and the liberty believers have in Christ. (Chapter 3:1-4:31). As he ends his letter, he gives some practical applications of his teaching. (Chapter 5:1-6:10), then offer some concluding remarks (Chapter 6:11-18).

In this book, there were

Chapters: (6)

Memory verse in the book: “Dying to Live” (Galatians 2:20)

Abbreviation of the book: (Gal.)

Life Principles in the book: “You reap what you sow, more than you sow, and later than you sow” (See Galatians 6:7).

Key Thought: Since we are justified by faith alone and not by keeping the law, Christianity is a living relationship with Christ not a religion or ritual.

Key Verse: Galatians 2:16 King James Version

“16 Knowing that a man is not justified by the works of the law, but by the faith of Jesus Christ, even we have believed in Jesus Christ, that we might be justified by the faith of Christ, and not by the works of the law: for by the works of the law shall no flesh be justified.”

Key Action: Walk in the Spirit and you shall not fulfill the lust of the flesh,” (Galatians 5:16)

Key Prayer: Lord because I have been crucified with Christ it is no longer I who live, but Christ who lives in me. Thank You that the life I now live in the flesh, I live by faith in the One Who loved me and gave Himself for me, I love You Lord Jesus Christ. AMEN.

Book of the Bible: Ephesians: “The Riches of God’s Grace”

Author: The Apostle Paul

Time: Likely written from prison in Rome (Circa A.D. 60-62).

Structure: The first half of the book (Chapters 1-3) described the content of the Christians heavenly inheritance: adoption, acceptance, redemption, forgiveness, wisdom, inheritance, this seal of the Holy Spirit, life, grace, citizenship, in short, every spiritual blessing. The second half (Chapters 4-6) lays out a spiritual walk rooted in that spiritual wealth. (Ephesians 2:10) gives a good outline for the book for we are his workmanship created in Christ Jesus (Chapter 1-3) for good works, and that we would walk in them (Chapter 4-6).

In this book, there were a king of Rome (Nero) and Ruler of Judah (Festus)

Chapters: (6)

Memory verse in the book: “The highest development” (Ephesians 4:13)

Abbreviation of the book: (Eph.)

Life Principles in the book: “God bless us that we might bless others” (Ephesians 4:28).

Key Thought: The richest of God’s grace provide an internal inheritance for his children, an endless wealth of blessing compelling them to live a life worthy of the calling they have received.

Key Verse: Ephesians 2:8-9 King James Version

8 For by grace are ye saved through faith; and that not of yourselves: it is the gift of God:9 Not of works, lest any man should boast.

Key Action: Walk in love and be filled with the Spirit (See Ephesians 5:2,18).

Key Prayer: Lord may I walk in love and be filled with the Spirit so that my life will be a shining testimony to You and to who all I may encounter on this earth in Jesus’ name Amen.

Book of the Bible: Philippians “Rejoice in the Lord”

Author: The Apostle Paul

Time: Likely written from prison in Rome (Circa A.D. 60-62).

Structure: After greeting his friends and describing his thankfulness prayers for them (Chapter 1:1-11), the apostle Paul refers to his imprisonment and the benefit it has had in the preaching of the gospel (Chapter 1:12-26), he then exhorts them to live worthy of the Gospel (Chapters 1:27-2:18), mention his associates (Chapter 2:19-30), issues some warning (Chapter 3:1-4:1), and conclude his letter (Chapter 4:2-23).

In this book, there were a king of Rome (Nero) and Ruler of Judah (Festus)

Chapters: (4)

Memory verse in the book: “The Mind of Christ” (Philippians 2:5)

Abbreviation of the book: (Phil.)

Life Principles in the book: “Adversity is a bridge to a deeper relationship with God” (Philippians 4:28).

Key Thought: Despite persecution and problems we can rejoice in the Lord always not through selfish ambition but through him who strengthens us.

Key Verse: Philippians 4:4 King James Version

4 Rejoice in the Lord always and again I say, Rejoice.

Key Action: Let this mind be in you which was also in Christ Jesus (Philippians 2:5).

Key Prayer: Lord, grant me joy, contentment, and peace regardless of my situation, my circumstances, and please Lord help me to live for You in Jesus’ name I pray Amen

Book of the Bible: Colossians: “Christ, the head of the Church”

Author: The Apostle Paul

Time: Likely written from prison in Rome (Circa A.D. 60-62)

Structure: Like Ephesians the little book of Colossians divides nearly in half, with the first part doctrine (Chapter 1-2), and the second part practical (Chapter 3-4). (Chapter 1) looks at the identity of Jesus and what he means to believe. (Chapter 2) describes a growing relationship with God through Christ. (Chapter 3-4) apply the doctrine surveyed in the first two chapters, covering the various functions of the members of a Christian household.

In this book there were

Chapters: (4)

Memory verse in the book: “The Heavenly Ambition” (Colossians 3:1)

Abbreviation of the book: (Col.)

Life Principles in the book: “We stand tallest and strongest on our knees.” (Colossians 4:2).

Key Thought: Jesus Christ is the Lord of all sufficient for all I needs and worthy of all I worship and obedience.

Key Verse: Colossians 1:15-18 King James Version

15 Who is the image of the invisible God, the firstborn of every creature:16 For by him were all things created, that are in heaven, and that are in earth, visible and invisible, whether they be thrones, or dominions, or principalities, or powers: all things were created by him, and for him:17 And he is before all things, and by him all things consist.18 And he is the head of the body, the church: who is the beginning, the firstborn from the dead; that in all things he might have the preeminence.

Key Action: Since we’ve been raised with Christ, we must set our hearts and things above where Christ reigns. (See Colossians 3-1).

Key Prayer: Lord, You are all I need, help me to keep this in my heart at all times no matter what happens, or what I think. Helped me to know in my spiritual heart that You are with me always, in Jesu’s name Amen.


1). Read main scripture for lesson nine.

2). Name the books in lesson nine.

3). How many chapters are in each book?

4). Name the author of each book in lesson nine.

5). Give the abbreviation of each book?

6). In these books was there a leader, a judge, a prophet, or a king?

7). Name and add each book as we go through our study.

8). Name the division where these books can be found in this lesson.

9). Who was the main person in each book?

10). What year was each book written?

11). What is the memory verse in each book?

12). What is the key verse in each book?

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