19 December, 2021

Bible Study: “Understanding the books of the Bible”

Lesson # 9a

Scripture Reading: (Psalm 119:89, Matthew 5:18, 24:35; I Peter 1:2-5,1:21,2:2, 2 Timothy 3:16; Hebrews 4:12.)

There are 27 books in the New Testament, generally separated into 5 divisions:

The four Gospels:(Matthew, Mark, Luke, John):

History Book (Act of the Apostles):

Doctrinal Books (Pauline Epistles):

General Epistles (James, I & II Peter, the Epistles of John, Jude):

Prophetical Book (Revelation):

This lesson will consist of: Doctrinal Books (Pauline Epistles): (14) Continue

Main Scripture: Hebrews 4:12; II Timothy 3:16

Book of the Bible: I Thessalonians: “Faith in the Return of Christ”

Author: The Apostle Paul

Time: Properly written the (Circa A.D. 51-52) This is among Paul earliest letters.

Structure: Paul begins by giving thanks for the Thessalonians and their testimony. (Chapter 1:1-10), he then defends his conduct and absence (Chapter 2:1-3 13) exhorts them to godly conduct, remind them of the Lord’s coming, and give direction for church life (Chapter 4:1-5:22). He ends with a prayer, greetings, and conclusion (Chapter 5:23-28).

In this book there were a Romans Emperor (Claudius) and (Felix) the procurators of Judea.

Chapters: (5)

Memory verse in the book: “Entire Sanctification” (I Thessalonians 5:23).

Abbreviation of the book: (I Th.)

Life Principles in the book: “An eager anticipation of the Lord’s return keeps us living productively, (See I Thessalonians 3:13; 5:2,6).

Key Thought: Christ is coming quickly.

Key Verse: 1 Thessalonians 5:23 King James Version

23 And the very God of peace sanctify you wholly; and I pray God your whole spirit and soul and body be preserved blameless unto the coming of our Lord Jesus Christ.

Key Action: Since Christ may come at any moment, we should live productively, faithfully, and expectantly.

Key Prayer: Lord, though I do not know the day of your return I will live as if today were the day. I pray for all believers to keep focus on You and Your Word. Bless us to holy before You in Jesus’ name. You made us holy through our Lord Jesus Christ, and we thank You for that always. Help us to stay strong in the Lord and in the power of His might. We look forward to meeting You our Lord Jesus. AMEN.

Book of the Bible: II Thessalonians: “The Second Coming of Christ”

Author: The Apostle Paul

Time: Written perhaps six months after his first letter to the Thessalonians in the (Circa 51-52).

Structure: After an introduction (Chapter 1) Paul gives instruction regarding the Second Coming (Chapter 2), and then suggest some practical application for his teaching (Chapter 3).

In this book there were a Romans Emperor (Claudius) and (Felix) the procurators of Judea.

Chapters: (3).

Memory verse in the book: “The duty to labor” (2 Thessalonians 3:10)

Abbreviation of the book: (2 Th.)

Life Principles in the book: “Prayer is life’s greatest time saver” (2 Thessalonians 3:1).

Key Thought: The return of Christ is a future event that will be swift, certain, and glorious.

Key Verse: 2 Thessalonians 2:16-17 King James Version

16 Now our Lord Jesus Christ himself, and God, even our Father, which hath loved us, and hath given us everlasting consolation and good hope through grace,

17 Comfort your hearts and stablish you in every good word and work.

Key Action: The second coming shouldn’t provoke idleness among believers, but action, not speculation but sanctification.

Key Prayer: God help me see through the destruction of this world to the glory of heaven beyond; Change our vision to heavenly vision, so we can be ready for Jesus when He return for His Church. Bless all Believers to keep focus no matter what happens in this world today. We want to praise and thank You for all You do for us today, even in the pandemic situation. You have been there for us to stay focus, please continue, please revive us to dance for joy, in the midst of trouble time. In Jesus’ name, AMEN.

Book of the Bible: I Timothy: “Honored by God”

Author: The Apostle Paul

Time: Probably written between the (Circa A.D. 64-67).

Structure: After a brief greeting (Chapter 1:1,2), Paul warns against false teachers (vv. 3-11) gives thanks for God’s grace, (vv.12-17), instructs Timothy in the administration of the church, (Chapter 1:18-6:2), offers some miscellaneous suggestions (Chapter 6:3-19), and finally urged his young friend to guard the faith (vv. 20-21).

In this book there were a Roman Emperor (Nero) and (Festus) the procurators of Judea.

Chapters: (6)

Memory verse in the book: “The young man’s example” (1 Timothy 4:12).

Abbreviation of the book: (1 Tim.)

Life Principles in the book: “Anything you hold too tightly you will lose. (See 1 Timothy 6:9).

Key Thought: God’s church should be led with excellence by leaders who possess wisdom and integrity. AMEN

Key Verse: 1 Timothy 6:12 King James Version

12 Fight the good fight of faith, lay hold on eternal life, whereunto thou art also called, and hast professed a good profession before many witnesses.

Key Action: We must conduct ourselves wisely in the House of God, which is the “Church of the living God, the pillar and ground of the truth” (See 1 Timothy 4:15).

Key Prayer: Heavenly father I pray for the leaders of my nation and for all in authority over us, that we may lead quiet and peaceful lives in all godliness and reverence. Help us to stand up and pray at these difficult times. We need our God to stand by us, and we thank You for doing just that, Lord. Father God, bless our families, our schools, our teachers, our law enforcers, law makers, media, and every organization in our nation. We need help Lord God Almighty, we trust You, Lord! AMEN.

Book of the Bible: II Timothy: “The Truth shall make you free”

Author: The Apostle Paul

Time: The (Circa 66-67) Nero had Paul executed.

Structure: After a short introduction (Chapter 1:1, 2) Paul expresses his love for Timothy (vv. 3-7), encourages him to remain true to the faith (Chapter 1:8-2:13), warns him of several dangers (Chapter 2:14-3:9), instructs him in his work (Chapter 3:10-4:5), informs him of his dire situation, (Chapter 4:6-18), and finally concludes his letter and makes some last requests, (vv. 19-22).

In this book there were a Roman Emperor (Nero) and (Albinus) the procurators of Judea.

Chapters: (4)

Memory verse in the book: “The soldier’s separation” (2 Timothy 2:4).

Abbreviation of the book: (2 Tim.)

Life Principles in the book: “No Christian has ever been called “to go it alone” in his or her walk of faith, (See 2 Timothy 2:2).

Key Thought: In perilous times, we must be steadfast and determined to fight the good fight, finish the race, and keep the faith.

Key Verse: 2 Timothy 1:7-8 King James Version

7 For God hath not given us the spirit of fear; but of power, and of love, and of a sound mind.8 Be not thou therefore ashamed of the testimony of our Lord, nor of me his prisoner, but be thou partaker of the afflictions of the Gospel according to the power of God.

Key Action: The things that you have heard from me among many witnesses commit these two faithful men who will be able to teach others also (See 2 Timothy 2:2).

Key Prayer: Lord you are faithful in good times and bad you are faithful. I am so grateful for Your mercy that endure to ALL generations. Help us to always have an attitude of gratitude for all that You have done, is doing, and has promised to do for Your people who are called by Your name. Please, Father, walk with us each and every day until Your return, in Jesus’ name, AMEN.

Book of the Bible: Titus: “The grace of God has appeared”

Author: The Apostle Paul

Time: Probably written the (Circa AD 64-66).

Structure: After a brief greeting (Chapter 1:1-4) Paul gives instructions about Church leadership (vv. 5-9), gives a warning about false teachers (vv. 10-16), describes a healthy Church (Chapter 2:1-3:11), and finishes with some miscellaneous instructions and a farewell (Chapter 3:12-15).

In this book there were a Roman Emperors (Nero) and (Albinus), the procurators of Judea.

Chapters: (3)

Memory verse in the book: “The Redeemer’s purpose” (Titus 2:14).

Abbreviation of the book: (Titus.)

Life Principles in the book: God’s Word is an immovable anchor in times of storm, (Titus 1:9)

Key Thought: Godly leaders should set in order what is lacking in the Church by teaching sound doctrines and modeling self-discipline.

Key Verse: Titus 2:12-13 King James Version

12 Teaching us that, denying ungodliness and worldly lusts, we should live soberly, righteously, and godly, in this present world;13 Looking for that blessed hope, and the glorious appearing of the great God and our Savior Jesus Christ.

Key Action: Speak the things which are proper for sound doctrine, be careful to maintain good works, (See Titus 2:1 and 3:8).

Key Prayer: Dear God, help us to seek sound doctrine and create a strong desire within each on of us to be nourished by your Word.

Book of the Bible: Philemon “Forgive and restore”

Author: The Apostle Paul

Time: Likely written from prison in Rome the (Circa A.D. 60-62) to Philemon and of others at Colossae. Paul may have written Philemon during the same time he wrote Colossians.

Structure: Paul greets his old friend (Chapter 1:1-3), gives thanks for him and describe his prayers for him (vv. 4-7) makes his pleas for Onesimus (vv. 8-21), and concludes his short letter (vv. 22-25).

In this book there were a Roman Emperors (Nero), and (Festus) as a procurator of Judea.

Chapters: (1)

Memory verse in the book: “A tender appeal” (Philemon 1:15)

Abbreviation of the book: (Philem.)

Life Principles in the book: “Trusting God means looking beyond what we can see to what God sees.” (Philemon 1:14)

Key Thought: Being members of God’s family obligate us to attitudes of forgiveness, reconciliation, and much mutual respect one for another.

Key Verse: Philemon 10-11 King James Version

“10 I beseech thee for my son Onesimus, whom I have begotten in my bonds:

11 Which in time past was to thee unprofitable, but now profitable to thee and to me.”

Key Action: Receive, respect, and refresh your brothers and sisters in Christ.

Key Prayer: Lord may the sharing of my faith become effective by the acknowledgement of every good thing I have in Christ. Help us to learn to live the life You ordain for us to live. May Your grace and mercy be upon each one of us today and forever. We are You people and the sheep of Your pasture. Our lives belong to You. For it is You which works in us to will and to do of Your good pleasure, AMEN.

Book of the Bible: Hebrews: “Hold firm to your faith in Christ”

Author: Unknown some conclude that significant stylistic and thematic differences with the known letters of the apostle Paul make it unlikely that he wrote the book. Many scholars believe Luke, Barnabas, and Apollos are the leading candidates.

Time: Most likely written before (A.D. 70), since if the temple had been destroyed by the time of its writing, it seems the author would surely have noted this (See Hebrews 8:3,4).

Structure: The book has three primary sections in the first section (Chapters 1-10). Christ is portrayed as better than the element of the old covenant. The second section (Chapters 11-12) features a plea for believers to preserve in their Christian life Christian faith. The final section (Chapter 13) concludes the book and gives some final exaltations.

In this book there were a Roman Emperors (Vaspasian) and (Herold Agrippa II) Tetrarch of Iturea and Trachonitis.

Chapters: (13)

Memory verse in the book: “The pilgrims’ vision” (Hebrews 11:13)

Abbreviation of the book: (He.)

Life Principles in the book: “No Christian has ever been called to “go it alone” in his or her walk of faith.” (Hebrews 10:24-25).

Key Thought: We must never yield to discouragement for our Great High Priest is supreme overall and sufficient for all.

Key Verse: Hebrews 4:14 King James Version

14 Seeing then that we have a great high priest, that is passed into the heavens, Jesus the Son of God, let us hold fast our profession.

Key Action: Perseverance

Key Prayer: Lord help us finish the race you have put before us give us strength to be a champion of the faith. In these times we need Your strength to stand firm in Christ and finish the race before us. Thank You, Lord! We praise You and honor You with all our hearts. This we pray in Jesus’ name. AMEN.


1). Read main scripture for lesson nine (a).

2). Name the books in lesson nine (a).

3). How many chapters are in each book?

4). Name the author of each book in lesson nine (a).

5). Give the abbreviation of each book?

6). In these books was there a leader, a judge, a prophet, or a king?

7). Name and add each book as we go through our study.

8). Name the division where these books can be found in this lesson.

9). Who was the main person in each book?

10). What year was each book written?

11). What is the memory verse in each book?

12). What is the key verse in each book?

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