Bible Study: Understanding the books of the Bible
Lesson # 10
Scripture Reading: (Psalm 119:89, Matthew 5:18; 24:35, I Peter 1:25;1:21;2:2, 2 Timothy 3:16, Hebrews 4:12.)
There are 27 books in the New Testament, generally separated into 5 divisions:
The four Gospels:(Matthew, Mark, Luke, John):
History Book (Act of the Apostles):
Doctrinal Books (Pauline Epistles):
General Epistles (James, I & II Peter, the Epistles of John, Jude):
Prophetical Book (Revelation):
This lesson will consist of General Epistles Part I
Main Scripture: I Peter 2:9
Book of the Bible: James: “Dead faith is worse than no faith at all”
Author: Generally agreed that James’ “the Lord’s brother” (Galatians 1:19), and a leader in the Church in Jerusalem wrote this letter.
Time: Probably wrote before the Jerusalem Council in (A.D. 50), making it perhaps the earliest book in the New Testament—-with the possible exception of Galatians.
Structure: James briefly greets his audience in (1:1), then instructs them about trials vv. 2-20), the nature of true faith (1:21-2:26), the untamable tongue, (3:1-12), heavenly wisdom (vv.13-18), pride verse humility, (Chapter 4:1-17), warnings to the rich (Chapter 5:1-6), persevering patience, (vv.7-12), and miscellaneous matters (vv13-18), he then gives a brief conclusion (vv.19, 20).
In this book there were a Romans Emperors (Claudius), and (Felix) das procurator of Judea
Memory verse in the book: “The soulwinner achievement” (James 5:20)
Abbreviation of the book: (Ja.)
Life Principles in the book: “we learn more in our valley experience that on our mountain top.” (James 5 and 10)
Key Thought: The wisdom from above God’s wisdom teaches us to deal with trials, care for the needy, control temper and tongue, and glorify God by the integrity of our daily lives.
Key Verse: James 1:22 King James Version
22 But be ye doers of the word, and not hearers only, deceiving your own selves.
Key Action: Pure and undefiled religion before God and the Father is this: to visit orphans and widows in their trouble, and to keep oneself unspotted from the world (James 1:27).
Key Prayer: Lord, I ask You for wisdom and integrity in the grace to demonstrate it. Father God, You are our wonderful and faithful. We honor You in our hearts. We ask You to grant everyone a heart after Your own heart. May we be just as Jesus our Lord. This we ask in Jesus’ name, the above every name above and beneath. AMEN.
Book of the Bible: I Peter: “Feed My Flock”
Author: The Apostle Peter
Time: Most likely written from Rome in the (A.D. 62-64) before Nero’s great persecution of the Christians. This was the emperor who had Peter executed.
Structure: Peter greet the recipients (Chapter 1:1,2), praise God for his salvation (v3-12), and then encourage his readers to honor the Lord by living a godly way (Chapter 1:13-5:12), he ends his letter with a brief final greeting (Chapter 5:13-14).
In this book there were a Romans Emperor (Nero), and (Abinus) procurator of Judea.
Memory verse in the book: “The cost of redemption” (See I Peter 1:18-19)
Abbreviation of the book: (I Pe.)
Life Principles in this book: ‘The dark moments of our life will last only so long as is necessary for God to accomplish His purpose in us” (See I Peter 1:8; 5:10).
Key Thought: Suffering is an opportunity to walk in our Lord’s steps and live as pilgrims in a pagan world.
Key Verse: 1 Peter 4:12-13 King James Version
12 Beloved, think it not strange concerning the fiery trials which is to try you, as though some strange thing happened unto you:13 But rejoice, in as much as ye are partakers of Christ’s sufferings; that, when his glory shall be revealed, ye may be glad also with exceeding joy.
Key Action: Sanctify the Lord God in your heart and always be ready to give a defense to everyone who ask you a reason for the hope that is in you (See I Peter 3:15)
Key Prayer: Father allow me to see the advantage of adversity as bring honor to You in every circumstance.
Book of the Bible: II Peter “The Spiritual Life”
Author: The Apostle Peter
Time: Probably written between (A.D.65-67)
Structure: Peter introduced himself (Chapter 1:1,2), encourage his friends to grow in godliness (vv. 3-11), explain his purpose for and authority in writing (vv,12-21, warns against false teachers (Chapter 2:1-22), remind them of Jesus return (Chapter 3:1-16), and makes a few closing remarks (vv.17-18).
In this book there were a Roman Emperor (Nero) and (Abinus) procurator of Judea.
Memory verse in this book: “The organ of prophecy” (II Peter 1:21)
Abbreviation of the book: (II Pe.)
Life Principles in the book: To live the Christian life is to allow Jesus to live his life in and through us (See II Peter 1:3,4).
Key Thought: While waiting our Lord’s return we must stand on his great precious promise which provide all we need for life and godliness.
Key Verse: 2 Peter 1:10 King James Version
10 Wherefore the rather, brethren, give diligence to make your calling and election sure: for if ye do these things, ye shall never fall:
Key Action: Therefore, beloved looking forward to these things be diligent to be found by Him in peace without spot and blameless (See II Peter 3:14)
Key Prayer: Dear God, may we grow in the grace and knowledge of our Lord Jesus Christ our savior Amen.
Book of the Bible: I John: “God Is Love”
Author: The Apostle John
Time: Believed to have been written from Emphasis near the end of the 1st century. and circulated through the Roman province of Asia. (95 AC)
Structure: I John begins with a reminder of Christ incarnation (Chapter 1:1, 4) followed by instruction on having fellowship with the Lord (Chapter1:5-2:28) and living as a child of God, (Chapter 2:29-5:17), the book ends with how to identify the true God and reject false teachers (Chapter 5:18-21).
In this book there were the Emperor Titus Flavius Domitianus
Memory verse in the book: “The sons of God” (I John 3:2)
Abbreviation of the book: (I Jn.)
Life Principles in the book: “We stand tallest and strongest on our knees” (See I John 5:14)
Key Thought: Jesus Christ is the Word made flesh. Those who reject him have the spirit of antichrist. Those who receive him are children of light with the assurance of everlasting life.
Key Verse: “These things have I written to you who believe in the name of the son of God that you may know that you have eternal life (I John 5: 13).
Key Action: He laid down His life for us and we also ought to lay down our life for the brother (See I John 3:16).
Key Prayer: Thank You Lord for the promised that if I confess my sin, You are faithful and just to forgive me of my sins and cleanse me from all unrighteousness in Jesus name, Amen.
LESSON QUESTIONS: (10)
1). Read main scripture for lesson ten.
2). Name the books in lesson ten.
3). How many chapters are in each book?
4). Name the author of each book in lesson ten.
5). Give the abbreviation of each book?
6). In these books was there a leader, a judge, a prophet, or a king?
7). Name and add each book as we go through our study.
8). Name the division where these books can be found in this lesson.
9). Who was the main person in each book?
10). What year was each book written?
11). What is the memory verse in each book?
12). What is the key verse in each book?